Brief History of Rough rice
Rice has a long history (and great mythological significance) in some of the world’s largest countries like India and China. Rice was first sown, harvested and consumed in China, from where it spread to India and Sri Lanka.
Rice was sown, harvested and distributed across Southeast Asia and Central Asia in around 2000 B.C. Rice was brought to West Asia by Alexander the Great’s armies in around 300 B.C.
It came to Europe much later, in the 8th century A.D., about the same time that East African traders brought rice from India and Indonesia into the African continent. In the Middle Ages, many believed that rice fields were breeding grounds for Malaria mosquitos.
Rice was brought to the Americas only recently in the 16th and 17th century A.D. America quickly began growing and harvesting rice, and in 1700, exported around 300 tons of American rice to England.
After the Civil War, rice was grown all over the South. Today, rice is grown mainly in California, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana, with extremely high yield, thanks to latest technological and mechanical advances. In the U.S., it takes around 7 man-hours per acre to cultivate rice, whereas in Asia it can take up to 300 man-hours to cultivate an acre of rice.
Where is Rough Rice Produced?
The total production of rice in the world was 676 million metric tons in 2010, a record high in recent times. The worldwide yield has doubled in the last 40 years.
China, India, Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia produce over 70% of the world's rice.The world’s largest producer is China, who accounted for nearly 30% of the world’s rice production in 2010, followed by India at 21% and Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Thailand each under 10%.
China and India together produce half of the world’s rice but Thailand is the world’s largest rice supplier. More than 90% of rice fields in China are irrigated, and the country is a leader in producing hybrid rice which has a 15-20% higher yield than normal rice.
In 2010, World Exports of rice were 30 metric tons, with the world’s largest exporters Thailand accounting for nearly 33% of these exports, followed by Vietnam at 19.6% and the U.S at 11.7%
The U.S. production of rice in 2010 was 243 million cwt, also a high for U.S. U.S. Rice imports in 2010 were around 18 million cwt in 2010, and exports were 116 million cwt. Most of the rice imported by the U.S. is of the aromatic kind.
The U.S. produces around 2% of the world’s total rice, but exports nearly 13% of the world’s rice. The U.S. exports nearly half of the rice it grows. Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas produce more than 99% of all rice grown in the U.S. Arkansas is the highest rice producer, responsible for nearly half of the rice of the U.S. The U.S. exports rough rice to Brazil, Mexico and Turkey for milling.